Keep your feet moisturized with a daily foot cream or some classic foot lotion. Make sure to allow the lotion to completely dry before putting on your shoes or you may end up with some other foot problems. Keeping your feet and corns moisturized will make it easier to remove the callouses. Corn Medications and Removal Options I would stay away from all medications when it comes to corn removal. From personal experience a corn infestation can be cured simply by following the tips above. Also remember that the medications may lead to further irritation or infection so if your going to use a corn pad buy non-medicated pads. Calluses and corns are another common cause of foot pain. They are actually patches of thickened skin caused by friction or pressure. Calluses appear on the balls of the feet or on the heels while corns will appear on the toes. Calluses are caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells. In severe cases, the callus has a deep seated core called a nucleation. This type of callus is exceptionally painful. Corns are similar to calluses as they are also thickened patches of dead skin cells which have formed as a protective mechanism against pressures on the foot. Corns however are found on the toes. A common conservative treatment for mild to moderate bunions (Hallux valgus) and bunion pain is to wear a bunion splint. The basic design of a bunion splint includes a "holder" for the big toe, extended in a longitudinal direction and connected to another "binding" around the mid-foot, resulting in a corrective force on the big toe. To successfully realign a bunion, make sure the bunion splint supports the foot, straightens the big toe and protects the irritated tissue. Pain and a toe that looks odd are symptoms of hammer, claw, and mallet toes. The toe may rub against your footwear, and you may have trouble finding shoes that fit. If bunions occur early in life somewhere in the teen ages, then they are considered as an inherited disorder because there is strong evidence of a relation between genetics and bunions However, genetics still play a minor role in the causation of bunions Most bunions are caused by the use of thin toed and high heel shoes. Ligaments surrounding the big toe joint keep the big toe in position and prevent its extra movement. Once ligaments are torn or ruptured, bunions are bound to happen. Continuous insults to the big toe joint in the form of injuries or rheumatic diseases may also lead to bunion formation. Treatment ranges from very conservative methods to surgical intervention, and decisions are made depending on pain tolerance, the patient's lifestyle, and the extent of the bunion. X-rays are taken to define the deformity. Initially, wider shoes may be recommended to alleviate any pressure on the bunion joint. Pain management can include cortisone injections or anti-inflammatory medications while a more decisive course of treatment is being determined. Have your feet examined by a podiatrist today in order to evaluate the bone structure of your feet. Early detection and proper preventive foot care can prevent painful foot problems in the future. These various foot injuries and foot deformities are painful in their own right; but in the case of a diabetic, they have more serious implications. Foot ulcers (open wounds on the foot) tend to develop over these bony protrusions. A bunion, for example, can be rubbed raw by the side of a shoe. Foot ulcers are most common on the balls of the feet and the pads of the toes (where the foot bears the weight of the body) and on the tops of the toes (where the knuckle bones of the foot are likely to come into contact with the top of the toe box). Some of the common causes of corn development are tight fitting footwear, high heeled footwear, tight fitting stockings and socks, deformed toes, or the foot sliding forward in a shoe that fits too loosely. Soft corns are result from bony prominences and are located between the toes. They become soft due to perspiration in the forefoot area. The easiest way to treat bunions is to change your footwear. Shoes are worn 12 or more hours each day of the week by most people, and shoes can contribute to the progression of bunions The physical examination performs mostly involved observation and inspection. The patient is observed while standing and sitting as the weight of the patient may accentuates and worsen the deformity. Assess and look for ant rotation of the first digit (big toe) and measures the degree of hallus valgus. This is followed by an assessment of the range of movement either actively or passively at the metatarsophalangeal joint as well as the congruence of metatarsophalangeal joint by passively corrected the deformity. The gait of the patient as well as the neurovascular status of the foot is also need to be assessed.